Projects

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PROJECT NAME: ASSEDO-“Fighting Forced Labour with Adivasi and Dalit Communities in South Asia (MUKTEE)”

Introduction:

Out of the 40 million victims of modern slavery worldwide, almost two thirds - 25 million people - are exploited in Asia and the Pacific4. India has the world’s highest number of people trapped in modern day slavery, with 18.4m victims of forced labour (Walk Free Foundation). Meanwhile, in Bangladesh over 1.5 million people are estimated to be trapped in modern slavery, almost 1% of the population, with forced labour accounting for 80% of cases (forced marriage 20%) (The Independent 2016). In both countries, the practice of bonded labour is widespread in rural areas where the workforce relies on verbal arrangements for wages and is subject to exploitation by unscrupulous landlords. During times of financial crisis, often caused or exacerbated by poor harvest or family emergencies, poor rural households are compelled to ‘sell’ their labour to local landlords or loan sharks (Mahajans) on terms that are a form of bondage. Bonded labourers are forced to work 12-16 hours/day and are unable to leave ‘employment’ until they return the borrowed sum as well as the exorbitant interest accrued. To make ends meet, families borrow more money and become trapped in cycles of debt bondage, including intergenerational cycles. In many cases family members including children are forced to work to repay loans.

Project Overall objective:

To address and prevent forced labour in agriculture in northern Bangladesh and Madhya Pradesh, India.

Project Specific objective:

To address the systemic and structural vulnerabilities of marginalised agricultural communities to forced, bonded and child labour in two districts of northern Bangladesh and four districts of Madhya Pradesh (MP) India.

Outcome 1 Effective response mechanisms are established to identify, rescue and rehabilitate victims - ensuring access to rights, entitlements and education, including through digital mediums.

Outcome 2 Duty-bearers (Government, Local Authorities, private sector, civil society) work together effectively to implement laws and policies regarding labour rights, children's rights and social security entitlements.

Outcome 3 Liberated workers and at-risk populations benefit from enhanced economic opportunities and increased incomes.

Outcome 4 Best practice and learning on addressing systemic and structural vulnerabilities is shared across the two target countries

Geographical area MUKTEE Project:

District

Upazilla

Union  Name

Village #

Group#

Rajshahi

Tanore

Chanduria

04

10

Soronjoy

06

07

Tanore Pourosova

02

03

Pachandore

07

18

Mondomala Pourosova

01

02

Chapainawabganj

Nachole

Kasba

05

12

Nachole

14

30

Nejampur

11

18

Two district

Two Upazilla

Total 8 Union

Total 50 Village

Total 100 groups